Poi, nasce un problema, che ho risolto leggendo "/usr/share/doc/exim4-base/README.Debian.gz", qua l'estratto della parte significativa:
2.3.1. Using Exim as SMTP-AUTH client If you want to set up Exim as SMTP AUTH client for delivery to your internet access provider's smarthost put the name of the server, your login and password in /etc/exim4/passwd.client. See the man page for exim4-config_files(5) for more information about the required format. If you need to enable AUTH PLAIN or AUTH LOGIN for unencrypted connections because your service provider does support neither TLS encryption nor the CRAM MD5 authentication method, you can do so by setting the AUTH_CLIENT_ALLOW_NOTLS_PASSWORDS macro. Please refer to Section 2.1.3, "Using Exim Macros to control the configuration" for an explanation of how best to do this. /etc/exim4/passwd.client needs to be readable for the exim user (user Debian-exim, group Debian-exim). It is suggested that you keep the default permissions root:Debian-exim 0640.
Allora, ho consultato pure:
/etc/exim4/passwd.client contains account and password data for SMTP authentication when exim is authenticating as a client to some remote server. The file should contain lines of the form target.mail.server.example:login-user-name:password which will cause exim to use login-user-name and password when sending messages to a server with the canonical host name target.mail.server.examâ ple. Please note that this does not configure the mail server to send to (this is determined in Debconf), but only creates the correlation between host name and authentication credentials to avoid exposing passwords to the wrong host. Please note that target.mail.server.example is currently the value that exim can read from reverse DNS: It first follows the host name of the tarâ get system until it finds and IP address, and then looks up the reverse DNS for that IP address to use the outcome of this query (or the IP address itself should the query fail) as index into /etc/exim4/passwd.client. This goes inevitably wrong if the host name of the mail server is a CNAME (a DNS alias), or the reverse lookup does not fit the forward one. Currently, you need to manually lookup all reverse DNS names for all IP addresses that your SMTP server host name points to, for example by using the host command. If the SMTP smarthost alias expands to multiple IPs, you need to have multiple lines for all the hosts. When your ISP changes the alias, you will need to manually fix that. You may minimize this trouble by using a wild card entry or regular expressions, thus reducing the risk of divulging the password to the wrong SMTP server while reducing the number of necessary lines. For a deeper discussion, see the Debian BTS #244724. password is your SMTP password in clear text. If you do not know about your SMTP password, you can try using your POP3 password as a first guess. This file must be readable for the Debian-exim user and should not be readable for others. Recommended file mode is root:Debian-exim 640. # example for CONFDIR/passwd.client # this will only match if the serverâs generic name matches exactly mail.server.example:user:password # this will deliver the password to any server *:username:password # this will deliver the password to servers whose generic name ends in # mail.server.example *.mail.server.example:user:password # this will deliver the password to servers whose generic name matches # the regular expression ^smtp[0-9]*.mail.server.example:user:password
smtp.gmail.com is an alias for gmail-smtp-msa.l.google.com. gmail-smtp-msa.l.google.com has address 18.104.22.168 gmail-smtp-msa.l.google.com has address 22.214.171.124
Ho di conseguenza modificato il file "/etc/exim4/passwd.client" cosi`:
# password file used when the local exim is authenticating to a remote # host as a client. # # see exim4_passwd_client(5) for more documentation # # Example: ### target.mail.server.example:login:password gmail-smtp-msa.l.google.com:USERNAME@gmail.com:PASSWORD